In line with Bruno Latour’s actor-network theory (ANT),
Nonaka’s and Takeuchi's model of knowledge-creation,
Yrjö Engeström's expansive learning model, and Carl
Bereiter's theory of knowledge building, transformative pedagogies
(TP) participate in "the simultaneous reconstruction
of social contexts of which they form a part”.
Last updated: 05.02.07
Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT), University
Activity Theory is not a "theory" in the strict
interpretation of the term. It consists of a set of basic
principles which constitute a general conceptual system
which can be used as a foundation for more specific theories.
These basic principles of Activity Theory include object-orientedness,
the dual concepts of internalization/externalization, tool
mediation, hierarchical structure of activity, and continuous
development. The principle of object-orientedness states
that human beings live in a reality which is objective in
a broad sense; the things which constitute this reality
have not only the properties which are considered objective
according to natural sciences but socially/culturally defined
properties as well.
...The methodology of
developmental work research (DWR) relies on interventions
aimed at helping practitioners analyze and redesign their
activity systems. Our theoretical framework is cultural-historical
activity theory (CHAT) in which the idea of expansive learning
is of central importance. Founded in 1994, the Center has
five research groups and a graduate school with 30 full-time
doctoral students. Our partner organizations range from industrial
plants to schools and hospitals, from post offices to media
companies and biotechnological research and development networks...
Pédagogie de l'activité (Taurisson
La pédagogie de l’Activité
consiste à organiser la classe pour que les élèves
travaillent en petits groupes hétérogènes,
de façon autonome, pour réaliser des productions
variables conduisant à l’acquisition de compétences,
le plus souvent transdisciplinaires. Ceci est rendu possible
parce que les élèves utilisent des outils particuliers
qui leur permettent à la fois d’avancer dans
leur travail, et d’acquérir les connaissances.
Des règles définissent les relations sociales
dans la classe. L’enseignant, libéré de
la gestion immédiate, peut se consacrer à chaque
Although there is no static definition of
"critical pedagogy," as the term has undergone many
transformations as educators have deployed new strategies
to confront changing social and historical contexts, the term
has traditionally referred to educational theory and teaching
and learning practices that are designed to raise learners'
critical consciousness regarding oppressive social conditions...
Actor-Network Theory (ANT) is an interdisciplinary
approach to the social sciences and technology studies, and
closely relates to research in terms of complexity and locality,
activity theory, the sociology of knowledge and systems theory.
ANT was applied to Information Systems by Tatnall and Gilding
in 1999, after its extensive use in geographical systems analysis
continuing through its peak in the 1990's. ANT began in the
1980's in Paris as an exploration of actor-networks, and is
current through to Society and Space published in 2003...
Communities of Practice
"Communities of Practice" is a
phrase coined by researchers who studied the ways in which
people naturally work and play together. In essence, communities
of practice are groups of people who share similar goals and
interests. In pursuit of these goals and interests, they employ
common practices, work with the same tools and express themselves
in a common language. Through such common activity, they come
to hold similar beliefs and value systems.
The Change Management Pilot is one of the
most comprehensive tools for managers, project teams and consultants
involved in change management. The pilot, based on Prosci's
popular Change Management Toolkit, includes downloadable planning
templates, readiness assessments and guidelines for building
executive sponsorship and managing resistance. Templates include
communication plans, training plans, sponsor roadmaps, coaching
plans and resistance management plans...